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Pablo Casals(1876-1973) was on of the Greatest cellists of the 20th century. His did not play in Spain during the Spanish Civil War. He lived in Puerto Rico most of his later life. He was opposed to Francisco Franco and refused to play in countries who recognized the Franco government.
For those who saw the recent movie Jackie, He appeared in there. he played at the white house in 1961 for the Kennedys. Do did Russian cellist Mstisalav Rostropovich(1927-2007) in 1978. He recorded the Bach Cello suites, which was one of his more well known recordings.
He recorded the Cello Concertos of Dvorak and Elgar. I have recordings of those works but not by Casals. My 2 favorite Cello concertos are those of Charles Marie Widor (1844-1937) and of Johan Svendsen (1840-1911) Unfortunately it looks like he did not record those works. Sadly I can only find one each recording of either work.
He along with Isaac Stern Recorded Schubert's String Quintet. Stern also recorded it later with Yoyo MA. I have the later recording. He conducted Schubert's the Symphony which is on CD with the String Quintet.
He was a strong supporter of the Spanish Republican Government during the Spanish Civil was. he stayed in Exile during that time and did not play in Spain.
He started conducting in 1919. He did not deal much with opera. He mainly conducted with the Prades Festival Orchestra which is in France.
Every four years since 2000 a festival in his honor is held in Frankfurt am Main Germany sponsored by the Kronberg Academy.
Casals was also a great humanitarian he received The Medal of Freedom in 1963 from President Lyndon Johnson. . He had also played at the White House for Teddy Roosevelt. He was married twice. First to American Socialite and singer Susan Medcalf. They separated and eventually divorced. His next wife was Puerto Rican musician Marta Casals Istomin, who he married in 1957. She was 60 years his junior. After Casals' death she remarried American pianist Eugene Istomin. At this time she is still living.